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TCI Sytem Overview
A Child in Crisis Needs Help
What kind of help and how it is given make a crucial difference between the child's learning from the experience or being set back. The Therapeutic Crisis Intervention training program for child and youth care staff presents a crisis prevention and intervention model designed to teach staff how to help children learn constructive ways to handle crisis.
What Is the Therapeutic Crisis Intervention System?
The purpose of the TCI system is to provide a crisis prevention and intervention model for organizations that will assist in:
The intensive five-day train-the-trainer course provides agencies with in-house training capacity in the TCI curriculum which is an approved physical restraint training program of the Ontario government.
In 1979 with a grant from the National Center of Child Abuse and Neglect (NCCAN) staff of the Family Life Development Center (FLDC) at Cornell University undertook a study of child abuse and neglect in New York State group care institutions. The purpose of this study was to assess the nature and extent of child abuse and neglect when it occurs in the institutional setting, and to identify those factors associated with its incidence. Factors associated with the incidence of abuse and neglect included the inappropriate use of discipline, isolation and restraint, and poor management practices. FLDC staff spent many months researching other crisis intervention curricula, meeting with child care experts, and visiting child care agencies in order to develop a comprehensive training program that addressed the issues outlined in the research. TCI training was developed and pilot-tested at approximately eight facilities from the study sample of sixteen. Concurrently, the entire sample was involved in the testing of a model response system in reporting and investigating child abuse. From 1981 to 1982, child abuse reports (not instances of abuse) in those facilities that had pilot-tested the Cornell curriculum decreased by forty percent. In those sample facilities, which were not exposed to the new training materials, reporting increased by more than two hundred percent.
From 1994-1997, the RCCP and child caring agencies in the Northeastern United States and the United Kingdom conducted joint evaluation projects that introduced TCI into residential treatment settings and evaluated its effect on the organizations. Throughout the life of this project, critical incidents were collected and an advisory group from the agencies met with Cornell staff. Other data collection methods were pre-/post-tests, surveys, and interviews with staff supervisors and young people. All levels of residential child care personnel attended TCI training and supervisors attended additional training, to assist them in monitoring and supporting the model.
Worldwide, over 3000 professionals have been certified as TCI trainers. Trainers are located throughout the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Israel, Australia, New Zealand, and Bermuda.
REFOCUS is now an online newsletter of the Residential Child Care Project, Cornell University. It is a vehicle for communicating information about current issues and events that emerge from work in crisis management and residential child and youth care.
The certification program is designed to develop, maintain, and strengthen the standards of performance for individuals who have successfully completed the requirements of the five-day Therapeutic Crisis Intervention (TCI) training. This process affirms our commitment to ensure that TCI is implemented in child caring organizations in a manner that meets the developmental needs of children, and the safety of children and staff. Certification includes an agreement to practice in accordance with TCI principles which provides a framework for TCI practice and training, and general standards that include levels of certification, regulations, and requirements for maintaining the certification process.
Levels of Associate Certification
Participants may apply and receive different levels of certification. All levels require that the applicant successfully complete the training and pass all written and verbal competency evaluations. The following describes what is included in the three associate certification levels.
Certification represents a high standard of professional practice. An associate certification is granted at the completion of training if the participant successfully completes the training and evaluation requirements. To maintain associate level certification, certified trainers must attend, and successfully complete, a Cornell sponsored TCI Update every two years (in New York State, the United Kingdom, and Ireland trainers must be recertified annually).